Understanding Diabetes

Diabetes PosterDid you know that 1 in 10 U.S. adults over the age of 18 has diabetes, and an estimated 85 million people have pre-diabetes? Diabetes is a leading cause of heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, and amputation. The good news is, type 2 diabetes is preventable!

What causes diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease indicated by high levels of glucose (also known as blood sugar) in your blood.

  • Blood glucose is your primary source of energy, and it comes from the foods you eat.
  • Your body produces insulin to help the glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.
  • If your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the insulin doesn’t work the way it should, glucose can stay in your blood and never reach the cells.
  • If blood glucose levels stay too high for an extended period of time, this can cause diabetes.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes:

  • Being overweight
  • Having a family history of the diseaseƒ
  • Diabetes during pregnancy

Signs and symptoms of diabetes:

  • Increased thirst and/or hungerƒ
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Pins and needles or loss of feeling in the feetƒ
  • Blurry eyesight

Some people with diabetes don’t have any symptoms, so it’s important to see your doctor for regular bloodwork.

What can you do to prevent, delay or manage diabetes:

  • Work with a health-care professionalƒ Maintain an appropriate weight
  • Eat healthy
  • Stay active

 Learn more at www.cdc.gov/diabetes or speak to your doctor.